The first Bangladesh Accord 2013 was enacted in may 2013 in a response to the Rana Plaza tragedy that killed around 1,134 people and injured many more. It was established by a coalition of the global trade unions, nongovernmental organizations, big brands and retailers. The accord’s operation in Bangladesh involved more than 200 staff members, including 87 structural, electrical and fire safety engineers and 50 training personnel.
The five-year agreement expires in May 2018. Below is a summary of the key achievements of Bangladesh Accord 2013:
2,500,000 workers were covered by the Bangladesh Accord 2013. Around 1,800 factories were independently inspected and 7,000 periodic follow-up inspections took place to identify safety hazards, mandate renovations, and verify their completion.
118,500 violations were identified in the category of fire, electrical, and structural safety standards.
79 per cent workplace dangers identified in the Accord’s original round of inspections. These corrections included changes like the installation of fire doors to enhance fire safety and the replacement of faulty electrical wiring.
32 factory buildings were found with extreme structural flaws that created the risk of Rana Plaza-like catastrophic failure. These buildings were either shut down, and in some cases immediately evacuated, or forced to make swift renovations to ensure basic structural integrity.
500,000 workers were trained in health and safety category by the Accord’s training program, which aimed to build and support health and safety committees in each factory.
Total 0 deaths due to fire or structural collapses in any factories where inspection was completed and renovations took place.
The outcome of this agreement (Bangladesh accord 2013) was widely appreciated and have uplifted the standard of the working condition of Bangladesh garment factories. More and more brands are getting involved to ensure they are fully compliant and sourcing responsibly.